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ammonium nitrate fuel oil

Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oil (ANFO) - The Rabbit Hole

2020-8-7 · Ammonium Nitrate/Fuel Oil (ANFO) mixtures provide a stable and powerful explosive that you can easily make in your garage: The most widely used dry blasting agent is a mixture of ammonium nitrate prills (porous grains) and fuel oil. The fuel oil

AMMONIUM NITRATE-FUEL OIL MIXTURES | CAMEO

Ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixture is commercially available as pale white, gray, yellow, or pink oil-covered prills with a petroleum odor. Non-commercially produced forms may be darker in color. It is used for blasting rock and in some types of mining. It will accelerate the burning of combustible materials.

Explosives - ANFO (Ammonium Nitrate - Fuel Oil)

Ammonium nitrate-fuel oil (ANFO) blasting agents represent the largest industrial explosive manufactured (in terms of quantity) in the United States. This product is used primarily in mining and ...

Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oil - Cleanaway

Ammonium nitrate fuel oil (ANFO) is a blasting agent that consists of porous prilled ammonium nitrate and fuel oil. When combined with oxygen, it is one of the safest and most affordable blasting chemicals available in the coal mining, quarrying, metal mining and civil construction industries.

The Dependence of Ammonium-Nitrate Fuel-Oil (ANFO ...

2019-3-6 · As detonation is a coupled fluid-chemical process, flow divergence inside the detonation reaction zone can stronglyinfluence detonation velocity and energy release. Such divergence is responsible for the diameter-effect andfailure-diameter phenomena in condensed-phase explosives and particularly dominant in detonation of nonidealexplosives such as Ammonium Nitrate and Fuel Oil

The dependence of Ammonium-Nitrate Fuel-Oil (ANFO ...

2017-1-1 · The ANFO was prepared with identical ingredients, formulation and methodology to prior work , in a mass ratio of 94% HE-grade ammonium nitrate to 6% diesel fuel oil. Each copper cylinder was boosted with a 25.4-mm thick disc of PETN-based sheet explosive, which had identical outer diameter (OD) to each cylinder’s inner diameter (ID) and was ...

US3781180A - Ammonium nitrate-fuel oil composition ...

Ammonium nitrate - fuel oil compositions comprising ammonium nitrate prills and fuel oil wherein between 15 and 90 percent w/w of said prills have an oil porosity of more than 5 g of oil per 100 g of ammonium nitrate and between 10 and 85 percent w/w of said prills have an oil porosity of less than 2 g of oil per 100 g of ammonium nitrate.

Ammonium Nitrate/Fuel Oil Explosives - JSTOR

Ammonium Nitrate/Fuel Oil Explosives By J. R. KELSO and LT. COL. J. CHOROMOKOS, JR. SIMULATING has the enactment been a continuing the of blast the Nuclear effects military of Test nuclear program Ban weapons Treaty since SIMULATING has been a continuing military program since the enactment of the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty of 1963.

NA 0331: Ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixture containing

Substance information for NA 0331 - Ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixture containing only prilled ammonium nitrate and fuel oil based on the Hazardous Materials Table (Title 49 CFR 172.101) to assist in preparing a risk assessment for loading, transporting and storing hazardous materials.

Bulk Explosives – MNK

Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oil (ANFO) Based on the research studies, it is found that the experts in mining tend to use ANFO for its safe and economic characteristics. Compared to other explosive raw materials, ANFO is categorized as dry-based and highly safe explosion both in underground explosion and in an open explosion with 1 to 12 inches or ...

Ammonium nitrate fuel oil - LC Linked Data Service ...

The Linked Data Service provides access to commonly found standards and vocabularies promulgated by the Library of Congress. This includes data values and the controlled vocabularies that house them. Datasets available include LCSH, BIBFRAME, LC Name Authorities, LC Classification, MARC codes, PREMIS vocabularies, ISO language codes, and more.

The Dependence of Ammonium-Nitrate Fuel-Oil (ANFO ...

2019-3-6 · and Short [1] for Ammonium-Nitrate and Fuel-Oil (ANFO), as well as for Comp B and TNT near their failure diameters, where D 0 is a strong function of ra-dius. In contrast, nitromethane exhibits ideal behav-ior, with minimal change in D 0 from the CJ condition to the failure diameter. Prediction of this effect via direct numerical sim-ulation is ...

The dependence of Ammonium-Nitrate Fuel-Oil (ANFO ...

2017-1-1 · The ANFO was prepared with identical ingredients, formulation and methodology to prior work , in a mass ratio of 94% HE-grade ammonium nitrate to 6% diesel fuel oil. Each copper cylinder was boosted with a 25.4-mm thick disc of PETN-based sheet explosive, which had identical outer diameter (OD) to each cylinder’s inner diameter (ID) and was ...

US3781180A - Ammonium nitrate-fuel oil composition ...

Ammonium nitrate - fuel oil compositions comprising ammonium nitrate prills and fuel oil wherein between 15 and 90 percent w/w of said prills have an oil porosity of more than 5 g of oil per 100 g of ammonium nitrate and between 10 and 85 percent w/w of said prills have an oil porosity of less than 2 g of oil per 100 g of ammonium nitrate.

Ammonium Nitrate/Fuel Oil Explosives - JSTOR

Ammonium Nitrate/Fuel Oil Explosives By J. R. KELSO and LT. COL. J. CHOROMOKOS, JR. SIMULATING has the enactment been a continuing the of blast the Nuclear effects military of Test nuclear program Ban weapons Treaty since SIMULATING has been a continuing military program since the enactment of the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty of 1963.

Ammonium nitrate/fuel oil blasting explosive having ...

We claim: 1. A storage stable explosive composition which may contain recognized additives for explosives consisting essentially of an explosive mixture of low adsorption ammonium nitrate particles and fuel oil, said fuel oil having viscosity sufficient to render the explosive composition detonatable and sufficient to render the composition loadable into a borehole.

Waterproof ammonium nitrate fuel oil explosives -

The fuel oil is absorbed into the pores of the ammonium nitrate prills. After absorption of the fuel oil, the galactomannan, crosslinker and suitable pH buffers, if needed, are added to the mixer and blending is continued until the mixture is uniform. This mixture is referred to as a waterproof ammonium nitrate fuel oil explosive, or blasting ...

Toxic Fumes From Explosives: Ammonium Nitrate-FuelOil

2015-9-10 · TOXIC FUMES FROM EXPLOSIVES: AMMONIUM NITRATE·FUEL OIL MI XTURES by. R. F. Chaiken, 1. E. B. Cook, 2. and T. C. Ruhe. 3. ABSTRACT The Bureau of Mines has carried out experimental and theoretical studies with prilled and pulverized ammonium nitrate-fueloil (AN-FO) mixtures contain­ ing varying amounts of fuel oil in an attempt to quantify the ...

Volatile Organic Compounds, Spectral Characterization

2020-3-16 · Ammonium nitrate fuel oil is an explosive mixture found in most antipersonnel landmines (APL) buried throughout the Colombian territory. During more than 50 years of internal conflict, the Colombian government has found that trained dogs are the most effective method to detect APL.

Zhejiang Limin Chemical Industry Co.,Ltd.--2# Rock ...

Emulsion granular ammonium nitrate fuel oil mixture About us Zhejiang Limin Chemical Industry Co.,Ltd. is a designated production enterprise of national civil explosive equipments. The company was formerly known as Zhejiang Limin Chemical Factory founded ...

Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oil (ANFO) — Decomposition -

Ammonium nitrate fuel oil (ANFO) is a mixture of solid ammonium nitrate and mineral oil. Easy handling allows it to be used safely in mining, stone quarrying, and tunnel construction. The basic reaction during detonation is the decomposition of the hydrocarbon and the ammonium nitrate into CO 2,

The Dependence of Ammonium-Nitrate Fuel-Oil (ANFO ...

2019-3-6 · and Short [1] for Ammonium-Nitrate and Fuel-Oil (ANFO), as well as for Comp B and TNT near their failure diameters, where D 0 is a strong function of ra-dius. In contrast, nitromethane exhibits ideal behav-ior, with minimal change in D 0 from the CJ condition to the failure diameter. Prediction of this effect via direct numerical sim-ulation is ...

Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oil Suppliers, all Quality

Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oil, Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oil Suppliers Directory - Find variety Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oil Suppliers, Manufacturers, Companies from around the World at fuel oil ,fuel saver ,d6 virgin fuel oil, Essential Oil

Ammonium Nitrate/Fuel Oil Explosives - JSTOR

Ammonium Nitrate/Fuel Oil Explosives By J. R. KELSO and LT. COL. J. CHOROMOKOS, JR. SIMULATING has the enactment been a continuing the of blast the Nuclear effects military of Test nuclear program Ban weapons Treaty since SIMULATING has been a continuing military program since the enactment of the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty of 1963.

Porous granular ammonium nitrate fuel oil

Porous granular ammonium nitrate fuel oil mixture refers to the Porous granular ammonium nitrate and diesel oil mixed by a certain proportion. This product is suitable for open-air blasting, can also be used for no-gas and dust-explosion-free explosion in the underground deep hole blasting project.

Experimental Observations of Detonation in Ammonium ...

2019-3-6 · Ammonium-nitrate-fuel-oil (ANFO) was selected as the NIHE and aluminum tubes were used as con ners. Experimentally observed ANFO detonation velocities range from 1.5{4.0 mm/ s depending on the explosive properties, charge size and degree

AN&FO - Ammonium Nitrate & Fuel Oil

Share this. Have you found the page useful? Please use the following to spread the word: APA All Acronyms. 2021. AN/FO - Ammonium Nitrate / Fuel Oil.

ANFO | explosive | Britannica

Other articles where ANFO is discussed: explosive: Ammonium nitrate–fuel oil mixtures: In 1955 it was discovered that mixtures of ammonium nitrate and fine coal dust would give very satisfactory blasting results in the large (about 22.5-centimetre, 9-inch) holes

SYMPATHETIC DETONATION OF AMMONIUM NITRATE

2014-4-2 · SYMPATHETIC DETONATION OF AMMONIUM NITRATE AND AMMONIUM NITRATE-FUEL OIL by R. W. Van Dolah, 1 F. C. Gibson, 2 and J. N. Murphy 3 ABSTRACT An investigation was made of the distances over 'ihich sympathetic detona­ tion of ammonium nitrate (AN) and ammonium nitrate-fuel oil (AN-FO) might be

Analysis of the field test results of ammonium nitrate ...

2014-5-20 · ammonium nitrate: fuel oil explosives as improvised explosive device charges V. Kavicky, L. Figuli, S. Jangl & Z. Ligasová Faculty of Special Engineering, University of Žilina, Slovakia Abstract When the over pressure of a blast wave is calculated and its effects on valuated objects are set, many approximations are used.